Drug addiction is a growing problem in the materialistic world these days. Many developed and developing countries are suffering with this problem. Youngsters and depressed adults get into drug misuse easily. New Zealand is also suffering from the drug addiction problem.
What is Methamphetamine?
Methamphetamine (meth in short form) (MA) is a highly addictive drug that is available in the form of pills and powder. It is a man-made drug and not extracted from any plant or plant parts. It is white in color and can also occur in the form of crystals. Such methamphetamine is referred as crystal methamphetamine. MA was first synthesized by Lazar Edeleano, a German chemist.
MA is a variant of amphetamine that is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sleep disorder (narcolepsy).
What is Clandestine Lab?
The clandestine lab is a laboratory where methamphetamine is produced illegally. It is also known as Clan Labs. To regulate these labs, the precursor chemicals for the production of MA are regulated.
How is New Zealand Government Dealing with Meth Decontamination?
In New Zealand, under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975, methamphetamine is classified as a Class A controlled drug that poses high risk of harm and penalties can be imposed on offenders for importing, manufacturing and distributing the drug without any permission from law imposing authority. New Zealand government also launched the Methamphetamine Action Plan known as Ministerial Action Group on Drugs 2003.
Growing clandestine labs have also become a problem in NZ. Here are some facts regarding meth decontamination or destroying clan meth labs in NZ. All the facts listed below are according to the report of the Ministry of Health, NZ.
- 135 clan meth labs have been destroyed by New Zealand Police.
- The Ministry of Health, NZ has come up guidelines for cleaning meth labs. The guideline is mainly concerned with two purposes, removal and remediation. The New Zealand Police removes the chemicals, equipments, and other wastes contaminated with meth with the help of a certified hazardous waste contractor. After the removal of the hazardous waste from the site, the wastes need to be disposed of carefully. The guideline has the established process for the removal and remediation of the chemical wastes. The guidelines are like advice only with no statutory effect.
- There is no guarantee of the complete decontamination of the impacted site.
- The Ministry for the Environment looks over the remediation of clan meth labs if it is related to contamination of air, water and land with methamphetamine.
- The Ministry of Health, NZ guidelines focus on the reduction of exposure to certain low levels as practicable.
- According to the Ministry for the Environment 2007, some guideline values have been determined for remediation of residential properties. For volatile chemicals no surface residue has been provided. Drinking Water Standards for New Zealand 2005 has been revised in 2008 by the Ministry of Health. It has some guideline values to protect the public health.
Drug misuse and addiction is becoming more common these days and despite the efforts of any government and guidelines to regulate it, it is still a major health issue for any country